Humanities Indicators
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IV-10a: Expenditures for Academic Research and Development in the Humanities (Excluding Communication), Fiscal Years 2007–2017 (Adjusted for Inflation)*

* For fiscal year (FY) 2010, the National Science Foundation began estimating for nonresponse on the non–science and engineering items included in the survey by which the data underlying this indicator are collected. Additionally, the eligibility criteria for the survey changed significantly from FY 2010 to FY 2011. Some of the growth in humanities research and development funding indicated by the graph is attributable to these changes. See “About the Data” for details, and for an explanation of why the discipline of communication had to be excluded for the purposes of this analysis.

Source: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, “Higher Education Research and Development: Fiscal Year 2017 (Data Tables), ”, accessed 12/20/2018. Data presented by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences’ Humanities Indicators (HI; The expenditure amounts were adjusted for inflation by the HI using the Gross Domestic Product Implicit Price Deflators produced by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis (downloaded from

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