Humanities Indicators
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IV-10a: Expenditures for Academic Research and Development in the Humanities (Excluding Communication), Fiscal Years 2007–2016 (Adjusted for Inflation)*

* The eligibility criteria for the survey by which these data are collected changed significantly from fiscal year (FY) 2010 to FY 2011. Some of the growth in humanities research and development funding indicated by the graph is attributable to this shift. See “About the Data” for an explanation of why the discipline of communication had to be excluded.

Source: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, “Higher Education Research and Development: Fiscal Year 2016 (Data Tables),”, accessed 3/20/2018. Data presented by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences’ Humanities Indicators ( The expenditure amounts for inflation were adjusted using the Gross Domestic Product Implicit Price Deflators produced by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis (downloaded from

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